Is Bad #Nutrition Research Making Us Fat and Sick?

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It seems that nearly every week, a new study on nutrition comes out that contradicts the latest health trend. Eggs are nutritional miracles; eggs are cholesterol-laden artery constrictors. Fat is the number one weight-loss enemy; fat is the key to weight loss.

Why is nutrition advice so contradictory and ever-changing? In a word, research. In theory, good science and research is driven by hypotheses, ideas, and concepts that need to be proven or disproven. It should be simple. But in nutritional science, that is rarely the case.

Here are some reasons why research on nutrition can go so far awry, and how to know what information to trust.

Not All Studies Are Created Equal

The quality of a study is influenced by many factors. Here are some of the big ones:

Good-quality research can be hard to apply to nutrition questions. Unfortunately, the most reliable research methods are difficult to apply to many questions about what constitutes healthy eating.

Randomized controlled trials are considered the most accurate way to gather evidence in medicine. These involve groups of participants who are selected randomly and then divided into two groups: the test group and the placebo (control) group. The idea is that since the participants were randomly selected, any difference in the results will be because of the treatment.

Problems applying information from animal research to human health are inevitable.

However, many such studies are done over a period of only weeks or months, meaning they don’t reflect real life or how a particular dietary choice might impact the body over decades. There will always be a gap when research relies on short-term studies for answers on chronic, long-term issues.

It’s also not practical, and possibly unethical, to do the types of nutrition studies that would lead to the most accurate results—for example, locking people up and observing every meal they eat for 25 years, sequestering newborns for testing, or repeatedly feeding subjects unhealthy food to see how their bodies react. read more…

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weight-loss-scale

Weight loss is one tough issue we face. Well, maybe some of us don’t, but they still work hard to maintain their slim. If popping a pill would make us loose weight, we’d all be thin as reeds. However, besides cutting down on carbs and working out, their are supplements that could help us reach our goal.

Vitamin B-12

Even though there isn’t a solid proof that Vitamin B-12 could be used as a dietary supplement for weight lose, It is believed that it could play a big role in how the body uses calories. Vitamin B12 may support energy production by helping the body convert food into energy. More energy will hopefully result in more exercise and greater motivation which will lead to safe and healthy weight control.Your body does need vitamin B-12 anyway to support the function of your nerves and blood cells.

Omega-3 fatty acids

Some studies suggest that omega-3 fatty acids could help loosing weight. They are a great addition to your diet. they also may protect your heart and blood vessels from damage and disease. Consider eating fish a couple times a week, as part of your healthy eating plan.

Calcium

It is believed that Calcium could play a role in weight loss management. There are different theories that support that. The first is that calcium may bind with fat in the intestines and prevent your body from absorbing it. The second theory is that calcium may inhibit the production of hormones that cause fat to accumulate in your body.

Magnesium

Magnesium is essential in digestive processes and activates enzymes that let your body absorb and use the food you eat. It helps to regulate your metabolism, which in turn may help you to burn more calories. Magnesium is also a good source of energy. It’s possible that a diet that includes sufficient magnesium allows you to increase your metabolism and produce enough energy so you move more, thus helping to burn calories.

Green Tea

 Curl up watching a nice movie with a cup of green tea sounds tempting. Green tea can help you lose fat, especially the abdominal fat. However, some studies don’t think that green tea is not so significant when it comes to weight lose. But still,Green tea contains antioxidants that might help protect your heart.

Fruits and Veggies

Don’t skip looking at the salad menu when you eat out! Eating a balanced diet, including five servings of fruits and veggies each day, is the best way to make sure you get all the vitamins you need to maintain a healthy weight, especially if you can’t eat any kind of food we mentioned.

 

At the end, Vitamins alone will not serve as the magic solution for weight loss. You still need to exercise and, eat healthy food that are low in calories and rich in nutrients to lose weight and look great! read more…

Your #Horse – vaccinate against Eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE)

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“Triple E is a mosquito-borne disease that causes inflammation or swelling of the brain and spinal cord in equine and is usually fatal,” Troxler said. “The disease is preventable by vaccination.”

A viral disease, EEE affects the central nervous system and is transmitted to horses by infected mosquitoes. Clinical signs of EEE include moderate to high fever, depression, lack of appetite, cranial nerve deficits (facial paralysis, tongue weakness, difficulty swallowing), behavioral changes (aggression, self-mutilation, or drowsiness), gait abnormalities, or severe central nervous system signs, such as head-pressing, circling, blindness, and seizures. The course of EEE can be swift, with death occurring two to three days after onset of clinical signs despite intensive care. Horses that survive might have long-lasting impairments and neurologic problems.

“If your horses or other equine animals exhibit any symptoms of EEE, contact your veterinarian immediately,” Meckes said.

Meckes also recommends that owners consult their veterinarians about an effective vaccination protocol to protect horses from EEE and another mosquito-borne disease, West Nile virus. Previously vaccinated horses will need a booster shot at least annually. However, if an owner did not vaccinate their animal in previous years, the horse will need the two-shot vaccination series within a three- to six-week period. Meckes recommends a booster shot every six months for North Carolina horses.

In addition to vaccinations, horse owners also need to reduce the mosquito populations and their possible breeding areas. Recommendations include removing stagnant water sources, keeping animals inside during the bugs’ feeding times, which are typically early in the morning and evening, and using mosquito repellents. read more…

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Seniors who own a #dog get more physical activity

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Getting up off the couch can be a challenge regardless of your age, but new research shows that having a furry, four-legged reason to go for a walk can help seniors reach physical activity targets.

Seniors who own a dog spend an average of 22 more minutes per day staying active, a new study has found, and take an additional 2,760 steps per day.

Researchers tracked activity between two groups, comparing 43 people with dogs and 43 people without dogs. The subjects wore activity trackers during three, one-week periods over the span of a year.

All subjects were over the age of 65 and lived in the U.K., with gender, ethnicity, and socio-economic status taken into consideration when comparing data.

“For good health WHO recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity a week,” said lead researcher Dr Philippa Dall, in a release. “Over the course of a week this additional 20 minutes walking each day may in itself be sufficient to meet these guidelines.

“Our findings represent a meaningful improvement in physical activity achieved through dog walking.”

“Our findings represent a meaningful improvement in physical activity achieved through dog walking.”

Canadian health guidelines also recommend that adults are active for at least 150 minutes a week, in bouts of 10 minutes or more. Reaching the activity goal helps reduce a whole host of issues including the risk of heart disease and stroke, certain types of cancer and weight control problems. read more…

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#Dogs and wolves share sense of fair play

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The sense of fair play is an important human trait, but new research suggests that it’s a key behaviour for dogs and wolves as well.

In tests, if one animal was given a more substantial reward when performing a task, the other one downed tools completely.

It had been felt that this aversion to unfairness was something that dogs had learned from humans.

But the tests with wolves suggest that this predates domestication of dogs.

Scientists have long recognised that what they term a “sensitivity to inequity”, or a sense of fairness, played an important role in the evolution of co-operation between humans. Basically, if others treated you badly, you quickly learned to stop working with them.

Researchers believe that the behaviour is also found widely in non-human primates.Dogs and wolves with higher social status took umbrage faster when sensing unfairness

Experiments in 2008 demonstrated that dogs also had this sensitivity. This new study shows that it’s also deeply ingrained in wolves.

The scientists tested similarly raised dogs and wolves that lived in packs. Two animals of each species were placed in adjacent cages, equipped with a buzzer apparatus. When the dog or wolf pressed it with their paw, both animals got a reward on some occasions. Other times, the dog or wolf doing the task got nothing while the partner did.

The key finding was that when the partner got a high value treat, the animal doing the task refused to continue with it.

“When the inequity was greatest they stopped working,” said Jennifer Essler, from the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna. read more…

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What is #Cat Tail Trying to Tell You

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Photograph by Joel Sartore, National Geographic Photo Ark
By Liz Langley

 

 

 

Cat owners are keenly tuned in to their pets’ body language, but once in a while the felines will throw a curve. Sometimes it’s in their tails.

While watching our cat snooze, we noticed his tail was tapping away like he was enjoying a disco medley we couldn’t hear, sending quite a mixed signal.

So how do you decode a cat’s tail? (Read “Surprising Things You Never Knew About Your Cat.”) Tail Tips

You have to take the whole body into account when reading tail signals, says Carlo Siracusa, of the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine.

The napping cat with the tapping tail, for example, is “relaxed overall but paying attention to something happening around him, a sound or movement,” so he’s peaceful but hardly asleep on the job.

 

If he really is sleeping, Siracusa adds, a moving tail could mean he’s dreaming. (Related: “Do Animals Dream?”)

A whipping tale on an alert cat can mean nervousness, potential aggression, and “Do not touch!” says Siracusa.

On a calm cat a straight-up tail with a hooked tip is a friendly greeting, while an aggressive cat may just have its tail straight up. A fearful “Halloween” cat will have an arched back and “its tail up and puffed.” read more…

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Cow Udder Care

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If you like the idea of your dairy products coming from happy cows, you might have entertained the idea of bringing one or two bovines home, feeding them well and piping Mozart over speakers wired into the barn. While that would make for a couple of contented cows, their care extends beyond that. Specifically, cow udder care is a real concern, whether you have 2 or 200 dairy cows. Know the basics to avoid problems.

Before and After Milking

Your cow’s udder should be cleaned, teats and all, before you begin milking her and then again when milking is through. Running water is a simple, efficient way of accomplishing this. Iodine or other disinfectant can be added to increase the effectiveness of the wash. Dry the teats and udder with a paper towel. Disposable towels are preferred for this job, as reusing towels after milking or to dry the udders of other cows could spread contamination. If you’re using a milking machine to milk your cow, you can dip her teats in a disinfectant before attaching the machine and then again when the milking machine is removed. Take care to wipe the teats completely dry with paper towels before the milking machine is attached. If you are hand milking, just be sure to thoroughly wash and disinfect your hands before starting.

Caring for Scratches and Scrapes

Because they’re large, awkward and located where they are, your cows’ udders run the risk of minor injury all the time. Milking machines, insufficient bedding — even your cow’s feet can bruise or scrape her own udders. Treating your cow’s udder with disinfectant before and after milking will help heal scrapes and scratches that might be present on the teats or anywhere else on the udder. Dip each teat individually in disinfectant and treat even the smallest wound by blotting (not rubbing) with a cotton pad. Painful, open wounds can be treated with a pain-relieving ointment and covered with medical tape. In such instances, contact your veterinarian to treat your cow and determine whether the wound requires more than simple bandaging.

General Hygiene

Proper udder care and controlling the problems that plague cows and their udders extends to managing the surroundings and keeping your cows well groomed and clean. Keeping your cows’ hooves and dewclaws trimmed will cut down on self-inflicted injuries. The girls will get an udder bath before and after milking, but a thorough, full-body hose-down once a week or less, depending on how dirty they get, will help keep your cows and their loafing spaces clean which, in turn, will help keep udders clean and disease-free. Proper bedding for the space should be a material that is flexible, soft and should not promote bacterial growth. Examples of natural materials that are appropriate for your cows’ bedding include sand, shavings dried in a kiln or even dried manure. Soiled or wet bedding should be removed daily and replaced with fresh. read more…

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