Five ways to cope with migraine


Migraines are not just your average headaches. They can be debilitating, come unexpectedly, and be accompanied by a varied range of upsetting effects, such as extreme nausea, cognitive impairment, and eyesight disturbances. We have investigated the best ways of dealing with them.

According to recent reports, migraine is the seventh leading cause of “years spent with disability” worldwide.

Migraines are severe headache attacks that can last for between 4 and 72 hours. They are often accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting, acute sensitivity to light and sounds, and, in some cases, by temporary cognitive impairment and allodynia, which is when normal touch is felt as painful.

Individuals can start experiencing migraines from childhood, and their prevalence increases well into adulthood, until age 35 to 39. Migraines are up to three times more common in women than they are in men, and the attacks also last longer in women.

Multiple studies link chronic migraine with a decreased quality of life and disrupted activity levels. What, then, are the options of prevention and treatment available to people who face migraines? Here is a list of the five most cited approaches. read more…



Peanut allergy immunotherapy may allow consumption of peanuts


Food allergies are very common in humans across the world. There has been a substantial increase in food allergies recently and healthcare experts are trying to figure out ways to prevent such allergic reactions in humans. One of the greatest allergy-causing foods is peanut. Many people react adversely when they consume peanut or peanut-related food items.

A new immunotherapy developed by a team of researchers from Murdoch Childrens Research Institute in Australia show that the therapy may be quite effective against peanut allergies. The experts have claimed that the effects of the therapy last for over four years. This means that people with the allergy can consume peanuts without showing any adverse effects even after four years of having undergone the treatment.

What is the research about?

The study involved a group of children, all of whom were allergic to peanuts. The researchers provided the immunotherapy to these children, which mainly included a dose of probiotics along with small portions of peanuts. These small doses of peanuts gradually trained the body to forego the #Allergic Reactions.

Allergic reactions to peanuts are caused because of the body’s inability to register peanut as food and instead attack it as a foreign object. This leads to increased white blood cells activity and inflammation around the throat and mouth. Severe cases may cause the throat to swell up so much, that air to the lungs is cut off and may lead to asphyxiation.

In this new immunotherapy treatment, doctors slowly conditioned the children’s bodies to not register peanuts as a foreign body.

The probiotics were used to ensure that the stomach can digest the peanuts without triggering an immune response. Methods such as these have also been posited before, which scientists believe could make peanut allergies non-existent or less severe in case of anaphylactic shock.

What did the results reveal?

The research showed that those kids who received the immunotherapy treatment for 18 months revealed noticeable changes when it came to peanut allergies. 82 percent of the children receiving the treatment showed reduced signs of the allergies. However, what is even more surprising is the fact that 67 percent of the kids who got the therapy revealed to be eating peanuts without any perceivable problems after four years of the treatment, compared to just 4 percent of the children who did not get the treatment. read more…


Vaccinate horses against Hendra


EQUINE Veterinarians Australia is urging horse owners to vaccinate their horses against the deadly Hendra virus following three new confirmed cases in just four weeks.

President of EVA, Dr Ben Poole, said it’s critical that horses located in and around high-risk Hendra areas are vaccinated against Hendra virus.

“Another three horses in NSW have died from this preventable disease, which poses serious health risks not just to horses, but humans as well,” Dr Poole said.

From 1994, when the virus was first identified, to August 2017, there have been 60 known Hendra incidents resulting in the death of 102 horses.

During this period, Queensland has recorded 40 incidents and NSW has had 20.

“Every one of these horses that has died because of Hendra represents one more compelling reason for horse owners to vaccinate their horses,” Dr Poole said.

“The risk this disease poses to human health is also very real and it is important that the equine community remains vigilant in protecting horses and people from Hendra,” Dr Poole said.

Since the first outbreak was recorded in 1994, there have been seven confirmed cases in people, all of whom had significant contact with horse body fluids.

Of those who tested positive for Hendra, four sadly died from the disease, including two veterinarians.

Dr Poole said the vaccine is the most effective way to minimise the risk of Hendra virus. The vaccine is fully registered by the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority.

“Vaccination is the most effective way to ensure high standards of horse health and welfare while also protecting veterinarians, horse handlers and owners from contracting this deadly virus.

“Hendra virus is impossible to diagnose without laboratory testing. The signs of this disease can be extremely variable. When your horse is vaccinated against Hendra virus, the probability of your horse having the disease is extremely low and therefore is more likely to receive timely and appropriate therapies.

“We need to remember that right across the country, there are thousands of equine events every year. These events bring together a large number of horses from a wide range of geographical locations, and this compounds the risks associated with Hendra virus infection if horses have not been vaccinated,” Dr Poole said. read more…

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Vaccinate Horses against West Nile Virus


It’s that time of year again. West Nile virus (WNV) has been detected in mosquitoes in Salt Lake County, Utah. Now is the time for area horse owners to call their veterinarian for appropriate vaccinations for your work, pleasure, and companion equine partners.

West Nile is transmitted to horses via bites from infected mosquitoes. Clinical signs for WNV include flulike signs, where the horse seems mildly anorexic and depressed; fine and coarse muscle and skin fasciculation; hyperesthesia (hypersensitivity to touch and sound); changes in mentation (mentality), when horses look like they are daydreaming or “just not with it”; occasional somnolence (drowsiness); propulsive walking (driving or pushing forward, often without control); and “spinal” signs, including asymmetrical weakness. Some horses show asymmetrical or symmetrical ataxia. Equine mortality rate can be as high as 30-40%.

There are a multitude of vaccinations available for equids, but that doesn’t mean your horse needs all of them. It is best to develop a program or plan with your local veterinarian that reflects what your animals’ specific needs are based on risk of disease even if you vaccinate them yourself. Some basic parameters to consider are the animal’s use, location, age, and lifestyle, such whether they travel to shows and other venues or remain on the ranch or farm.

The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) considers several vaccines “core,” meaning nearly all horses should receive them each year. These vaccines include those that protect against tetanus, Eastern and Western equine encephalomyelitis, WNV, and rabies. The AAEP considers other vaccines “risk-based.” Veterinarians recommend risk-based vaccines depending on the horse’s region, population, and disease risk. These include: anthrax, botulism, equine herpesvirus type 1 and 4, equine viral arteritis, equine influenza, Potomac horse fever, rotaviral diarrhea, snakebite, and strangles.

If your animal has never had a particular vaccination, he or she might require more than one shot to build the proper immune response and then receive periodic boosters after the initial series. The vaccinations should be given at least two weeks before exposed to an anticipated risk. It is important to remember vaccines are designed to reduce disease but not necessarily eliminate them. They should be used as “one tool in the toolbox” to accompany good management strategies and biosecurity practices. read more…


#Cheatgrass can be a health risk for #dogs


Whether it’s hiking, camping, or fishing, most of us are spending a lot of time outdoors this time of year, and in most cases, we take our dogs along with us. But there’s something out in those open spaces that you might not have thought about, that could cause injury to your pet.

Roaming the foothills trails with our pets is one of the things we love about living in the Treasure Valley. But there are some hidden dangers you need to be aware of that could put your pet at risk.

“So the valley’s full of them, and all the places we like to play with our dogs are loaded with them,” said Dr. Jeff Rosenthal.

We’re talking about the seedheads from a plant that is common throughout southwest Idaho: cheatgrass.

“These get up in between their toes and form these nasty abscesses,” said Dr. Rosenthal. “They get in the ears and cause ear infections. They get in the eyes and cause ulcers in the eyes. And the valley, of course, is full of them.”

After a wet winter and spring, wild grasses in the foothills are growing quickly, and something like cheatgrass can quickly turn into a devastating wildfire. It can also be a major issue for your pets’ health.

“The cheatgrass and all the various grasses that we have growing through the valley, they’re pretty hazardous to dogs, especially this time of year,” said Dr. Rosenthal.

Dr. Jeff Rosenthal, with the Idaho Humane Society, says that almost every veterinary hospital in the valley sees lots of dogs and cats this time of year with cheatgrass and other seeds lodged in their bodies, causing infections in their ears, eyes and noses. and often it requires surgery to remove those seeds, a painful experience for the pet, and an expensive one for the pet owner.

Cheatgrass grows tall tassels, and as they dry out with the heat of the summer, these tassels start to break apart, and when a dog brushes up against them, it comes apart as a little dart, or arrow, that will actually stick into their skin and into other areas of their body.

“These little missiles, they’re just designed by nature to stick in things,” said Dr. Rosenthal. “They’ll only move forward. They won’t ever move back unless they’re grasped and removed. They’re like the barbs on an arrow.”

There are several places on a dog’s body where cheatgrass and other seeds can get stuck and cause injury.

“So, number one, is between the toes,” said Dr. Rosenthal. “And up in between each of the toes is a little pocket up in the top here. And that’s where that grass seed will get lodged and start working its way in, right in between the webs here.”

“The other common place is in the ear canal.”

“It doesn’t matter if they have upright ears, floppy ears, a lot of fur, no fur. These little guys, when they run through the grasses, they’re just bombarded with hundreds and hundreds of grass seeds, and sooner or later one will get down in the ear canal and cause a lot of discomfort and infections. Usually that means a trip to the vet and have them removed.”

The eyes are also a vulnerable spot.

“Dogs have a third eyelid. So if I push on the eye here, you’ll see that third eyelid pop up from the inside. So if your dog comes back inside and that third eyelid is elevated that way, there’s a really good chance there’s a grass seed stuck behind that gland.”

“And then the nose. We see cheatgrass get up in the nose, and if your dog starts sneezing, just incessantly, over and over again, even sneezing up blood, there’s probably a grass seed stuck up in that nasal cavity.”

“Then in the mouth as well, back in the tonsils. We get cheatgrass in there.”

“Probably, cheatgrass and the other grass seeds, they can end up just about anywhere in a dog’s body.”

So what can you do about it?

“So it’s hard to prevent, except that examining between your dog’s toes whenever you get back from a walk, and removing those things early rather than let them burrow in there. They’re pretty painful.”

“So this time of year it’s just really good to be on guard and wary, and really look over your dog after every walk.”

Cheatgrass isn’t just in the foothills. It can pop up in vacant lots and even in your own yard. And if you do see issues with your pets, be sure and get them to a veterinarian immediately.

Cheatgrass and other seeds don’t contain any toxins, but any plant material that gets stuck in an animals’ tissues can cause strong reactions and almost always leads to infection. So it’s best to see a veterinarian. Read more…

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These #dogs are separated by fences — but that doesn’t stop their sweet #friendship

Very interesting

Messy and Audi are two dogs who live across the street from one another in Thailand. For the last year or so, they’ve had as close a friendship as can be — without ever having actually met face to face.

Oranit Kittragul noticed that Audi would often cry when left alone outside in his yard. So Kittragul would dispatch her dog — the sweet, friendly Messy — outside into their yard to provide some comfort.

Messy would bark a little, which seemed to help Audi feel better. “I don’t know what they are communicating,” she told The Dodo “But he stops crying.”

Oranit Kittragul

When Messy and Audi finally met face to face, they embraced.

Then one day, Audi got loose. He seized the chance to finally have contact with Messy, who welcomed the sweet embrace.

“He ran to my dog and they hugged each other,” Kittragul said.

Oranit Kittragul

Oranit Kittragul luckily caught a photo of the sweet embrace.

Kittragul shared the photos on social media. While the hug actually took place in February, in the last couple of weeks, the dogs have been featured in publications across the world. read more…

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Consider these 5 points before jumping into Labrador Parenting


If you’re considering buying your first puppy, learning as much as you can about the breed can be extremely helpful. Labs are outgoing and friendly dogs who will always try to please their owners. They can be a great addition to your family and a beloved companion for your field trips, or even as a show dog. Labs are also known to be intelligent, easy to train and full of enthusiasm. However, owning a lab isn’t just about fun and games, as it comes with many other responsibilities. Consider these 5 points before you look for Labrador puppies for sale:

  1. Time – Puppies need a lot more time and attention than older dogs and therefore, you must consider your schedule before you buy a Labrador puppy. They are highly energetic and need lots of exercise and daily walks and training, so make sure you can save up ample time to raise a happy and obedient dog.

  2. Space – Dogs need a lot of space, both inside and outside your homes. Labradors are fairly large and lively breeds and they will need open spaces to stretch their legs and run. Also, make sure you remove all fragile decorations from lower shelves inside your homes as they tend to knock over items with their thick and long tails.

  3. Affordability – Apart from the initial cost of buying Labrador puppies for sale, you must also consider the cost of raising the dog in your home. As Labs are relatively larger breeds, they will need more food compared to the smaller dogs. They also need regular vet check-ups to ensure their good health and vigor. Other costs include their toys, kennel or dog house, crate, dishes, training devices, etc. Consider the overall costing for at least 10 years before you make your decision.

  4. Family – Labradors tend to grow quickly and what might seem like a small puppy initially will soon grow into a big dog. Make sure your family can adjust with the new member, especially if you have children below the age of 5. Though many parents have enjoyed giving their toddlers a pet buddy right from the beginning!

  5. Health – When you choose a puppy, make sure to ask about its health and its parents to know its health history. Also, check the puppy and see if it looks happy and healthy. A weak looking pup may have a bad case of worms or some other physical ailment. Though Labs aren’t susceptible to much diseases, it is better to do a thorough health screening and regular check-ups later to be sure.

Last but not the least, is the consideration of whether you should get a male or a female puppy. If looks are important for you, you might want to go with a male dog as they are muscular and larger. It is also easier to neuter males than spaying females. Female dogs have 2 heat cycles in a year when they behave differently and tend to shed more. Based on your exact requirements and your family’s needs, you can choose the perfect Labrador puppy to join your family! Read more…

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